The project “Innovative Techniques and Methods for Reducing Marine Litter in the Black Sea Coastal Areas” under priority 2.2. “Awareness Raising and Joint Actions for Reducing River and Marine Litter”, Joint Operational Programme “Black Sea Basin 2014-2020” will be implemented jointly with partners from Romania (University of Constanta) and Georgia (Tbilisi State University), the leading partner is the Via Pontica Foundation, Bulgaria and Burgas municipality, Bulgaria.
The main objective of the project is to reduce pollution of the Black Sea basin by tracking and analyzing the main waste streams and carrying out pilot activities to clean pre-defined areas of marine litter.
The pollution of the Black Sea basin is a problem of international importance. As the accumulating point of a series of waste, the Black Sea is heavily anthropogenically laden . The main objective of the project is to analyze the load of the Black Sea basin, in specific representative areas, with waste and tracking the main polluting flows and carrying out waste cleaning through the developed measures in a specific demonstration pilot site through innovative methods. In order to fulfill the main goal of the project a study of the current status of the Black Sea will be carried out in the target area аnd its waste load, including coastal areas, will be assessed. The available information on the accumulated quantity of waste will be collected and analyzed. A common database will be created. An assessment of the degree of contamination will be carried out. It has been scientifically proven that accumulated amounts of waste are transported along the mainstream currents that are directly dependent on the air currents.
The project has the task to identifying main waste flows, linking them with air and sea currents and identifying potential waste concentration hot points. To accomplish this task will be made a computer model-map of waste distribution, whose goal will be to anticipate their movements, and potential places of their highest concentration. The model will use main sea and air currents because they have less fluctuations in the direction and intensity of the impact, with aim computer model to be used in a number of future studies. The computer model-map will help to precisely locate the waste concentration points. Based on it, a pilot demonstration site will be selected to implement the measures developed during the project and innovative approaches that will allow traceability of the results. Cross-points of pollution will be identified where joint cross-border activities will be needed. Cross-border cleaning campaigns will be organized. The aim is to include volunteers of different ages, including students, who will be encouraged to pay special attention to the problem of marine litter and the possibilities for solving it. The aim is to achieve a lasting interest of focus groups and participants and to awaken their interest in preserving the Black Sea marine environment and to achieve a fuller understanding and analysis of the extent of the problem related to the marine waste pollution of the Black Sea Basin. During the implementation of the project will also be developed Methodology for identification of hot points and Guidelines for environmentally friendly managment of marine waste.